1900        William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, died.

1905        The Rotary Club was founded in Chicago by lawyer Paul Percy Harris and 3 friends. Montague M. Bear, an engraver and member of the Rotary Club of Chicago, sketched a wagon wheel with 13 spokes. When fellow club members began to complain that the design was static and lifeless, Bear added flourishes that made the wheel appear to ride on a bed of clouds. Unfortunately, some members felt the clouds looked like dust, defying the laws of gravity by being kicked up on both sides of the wheel.  The service club did not admit women until the 1980s.

1919         Fascist Party was formed in Italy by Benito Mussolini.

1927        President Coolidge signed the Radio Act, a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission, forerunner of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover established the Federal Radio Commission to prevent interference among radio signals by allocating broadcast spectrum.




1944        Stalin ordered the mass deportation Caucasian Muslim nations. Chechens and Ingush to Kazakhstan were deported for resisting Soviet rule and abetting the Germans. “478,479 persons were evicted and loaded onto special railway cars, including 91,250 Ingush.” More than a third of the population died before the rest were allowed to go home. Also deported were the Karachays, Balkars, and Meskhetian Turks.

1946        Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita was hanged in Manila, the Philippines, after being found guilty by a US military commission of war crimes.

1969        Pres. Nixon ordered plans for the secret bombing of Cambodia.

1982        Tucapel Jimenez, a Chilean labor leader, was found with his throat cut and face shot in his car. Gen. Humberto Gordon Rubio (d.2000), secret police chief, was implicated in the killing.

1985        Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight threw a chair during a game.

1991        President Bush announced that the allied ground offensive against Iraqi forces had begun (because of the time difference, it was already the early morning of February 24th in the Persian Gulf).

1997        In Israel PM Netenyahu  hired a lawyer as he faced charges of participating in a deal to quash corruption charges against Aryeh Deri, the leader of the religious Shas party, in order to get the party’s support for the Hebron agreement.

1997        It was announced that researchers under Dr. Ian Wilmut at Edinburgh, Scotland, created a clone lamb from adult sheep DNA. The lamb was born in Jul, 1996, and named Dolly after Dolly Pardon. Dolly was put down Feb. 14, 2003, after a short life marred by premature aging and disease.

2000        Carlos Santana won eight Grammy awards, including album of the year for “Supernatural,” tying the record set by Michael Jackson in 1983 for most trophies in one night.

2005        Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said that he expects further Syrian troop redeployments in Lebanon, and he dispatched his intelligence chief to Damascus to meet with President Bashar Assad to discuss increasing American and European pressure on Syria.

2005        Paraguay President Nicanor Duarte sacked his interior minister and 31 police officers, shaking up his security forces a week after the kidnapped daughter of a former Paraguayan leader was found dead.

2007        In Gaza City Mohammed Ghelban, a 28-year-old commander from Hamas’ military wing, was killed in a drive-by shooting outside his home. A 22-year-old man from a Fatah family, Hazem Karouah, was killed several hours later, as was 75-year-old Ismail Sabah, who was caught in the cross-fire.

2008        It was reported that Dr. Nathan Wolfe, a virologist at UCLA, was pushing for the creation of the Global Viral Forecasting Initiative, a planet-wide network to forecast epidemics before they happen.

2009         Binyam Mohamed (b.1978), Ethiopian-born former British resident, was freed from Guantanamo after nearly seven year in US captivity without facing trial. He claimed that he was tortured at a covert CIA site in Morocco. He was arrested at the Karachi airport in April, 2002, while trying to fly back to Britain on a false passport. During three months of detention in Pakistan, he was allegedly tortured by Pakistani agents. In 2004 he was taken to the US prison at Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan and signed a confession, which he later claimed was extracted under duress. On Sep 20, 2004, he was flown to the US military detention center at Guantanamo Bay.

2010        Ivory Coast PM Guillaume announced a new unity government. The opposition coalition said it will participate in a new government, raising hope for an end to nearly two weeks of deadly protests after the president dissolved the previous one.

2011        Allen Willis (b.1916), African American filmmaker, died in Oakland, Ca. His work included “Have You Sold Your Dozen Roses” (1955), produced with San Francisco poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti, and “Stagger Lee” (1970), a documentary interview with incarcerated Black Panther leader Bobby Seale.

2013        In Mexico a Belgian citizen, Jan Sarens (59), was shot to death in the Pacific resort of Acapulco near the site of the Mexican Open tennis tournament. He was a resident businessman working for a transnational firm.

2014       In Israel Samuel Sheinbein (34), an American-Israeli prisoner, reportedly stole a gun from one of his guards before special forces shot him dead. An initial investigation revealed that the weapon was actually brought in from the outside. Sheinbein, was tried in Israel in 1999, and sentenced to 24 years for his slaying and dismemberment in Maryland of 19-year-old Alfredo Enrique Tello Jr.