1652 May 10, John Johnson, a free black, was granted 550 acres in Northampton, Va.
1865 May 10, Confederate Pres. Jefferson Davis was captured by Union troops in Irwinville, Georgia.
1924 May 10, J. Edgar Hoover was appointed head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation at age 29.
1927 May 10, US aviator Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902-1974) picked up his plane, “The Spirit of St. Louis,” in San Diego and flew it to St. Louis. The next day he continued to New York using railroad maps that he picked up in a drugstore for 50 cents each. The plane was powered by an air-cooled Whirlwind engine built by Ryan Aeronautical Company. Charles Fayette Taylor (1895-1996) worked on the engine design team. Taylor later authored “The Internal Combustion Engine in Theory and Practice.”
1930 May 10, Publisher Edward Stratemeyer (b.1862) died in Newark, NJ. He launched the Hardy Boys book series along with Nancy Drew. Leslie McFarlane wrote 26 of the Hardy Boy books. In 1999 Carole Kismaric and Marvin Heiferman published “The Mysterious Case of Nancy Drew and the Hardy Boys,” a history of the series. Mildred Augustine Wirt Benson wrote the 1st 23 Nancy Drew books.
1940 May 10, Winston Churchill took office as PM. Churchill formed a new government and served as the Conservative head of a coalition government with the opposition Labor Party. The debate over the Norway campaign led directly to Churchill replacing Chamberlain.
1943 May 10, Andre Bertulot, Arnaud/Armand Fraiteur and Maurice-Albert Raskin, Belgian resistance fighters, were hanged.
1957 May 10, Gabriel París Gordillo (1910-2008) began serving as President of Colombia and as Chairman of the Colombian Military Junta Government following the 1957 Coup d’état. He was succeeded in August, 1958, by Alberto Lleras Camargo.
1960 May 10, John F. Kennedy won the primary in West Virginia.
1964 May 10, Victor Pasquale Morabito (45), president and managing owner of the San Francisco 49ers, died of a heart attack. His brother, Anthony J. Morabito, founder-owner of the 49ers, had died of a heart attack between halves of a 49ers-Bears game in 1957.
1970 May 10, In Cambodia Spec. Leslie H. Sabo Jr. (b.1948), of Elwood City, Pa., saved his comrades and lost his own life as his unit was nearly overrun by North Vietnamese forces. Documentation of his heroism was lost until 1999. On May 16, 2012, Pres. Obama presented the US Medal of Honor to his widow.
1987 May 10, President Reagan visited Tuskegee University, one of the nation’s oldest black educational institutions, where he told graduating seniors his administration “won’t be satisfied until every American who wants a job has a job and is earning a decent living.”
1991 May 10, Alexander Bessmertnykh became the first Soviet foreign minister to visit Israel as he met with Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Foreign Minister David Levy.
1994 May 10, Nelson Mandela was sworn in as the first black Prime Minister of South Africa. His party earmarked $4 billion to be spent over ten years to help correct the land imbalance largely due to the forced abandonment by blacks between 1950-80 when about 3.5 million blacks were forcibly trucked off to ethnic territories, often abandoning land, houses and cattle. It was later declared that crimes committed under apartheid up to this time would be considered for pardon under an amnesty act.
1997 May 10, President Clinton signed modest drug-fighting and trade agreements with Caribbean leaders in Barbados.
1998 May 10, In Clearfield, Pa., Kimberly Jo Dotts (15) was hanged to death by teenagers who planned to run away to Florida. Seven young people 14-24 were arrested for murder and the trial of Jessica Holtmeyer (16) and Aaron Straw (19) began in 1999. Holtmeyer was convicted Jan 28.
1999 May 10, In China Pres. Jiang Zemin said that NATO must stop bombing Yugoslavia before the UN Security Council considers any peace plan to end the Kosovo conflict. China broke off talks on arms control with the United States, and allowed demonstrators to hurl stones at the US Embassy in Beijing for a third day to protest NATO’s bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Yugoslavia.
2000 May 10, Pres. Clinton issued an executive order to make drugs for AIDS less expensive in Africa.
2002 May 10, David Riesman (92), sociologist, died. His co-authored books included “The Lonely Crowd” (1950) and “The Academic Revolution.”
2004 May 10, Charles Prince, CEO of Citigroup, said his bank would pay $2.65 billion to settle class-action litigation accusing it of misleading investors in WorldCom.
2005 May 10, In Riverside County, Ca., David McGowan (44) killed his wife, mother and 3 children, a boy (14) and 2 girls (8 and 10), while they slept. He then killed himself at their home in Garner Valley.
2005 May 10, Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin and top European Union leaders unveiled a new partnership accord which aims in particular to deepen ties in the economic sphere, where Europe’s thirst for energy dovetails with Russia’s need for investment.
2006 May 10, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said senior members of the rival Hamas and Fatah factions had forged a joint platform, including acceptance of a Palestinian state alongside Israel.
2006 May 10, Georgy Korniyenko (81), Soviet diplomat, died. He served at the Soviet Embassy in Washington during the 1962 Cuban missile crisis and later was a deputy foreign minister.
2007 May 10, Thirunavukarasu Varatharasa (37), a Sri Lankan national, pleaded guilty in a Maryland court to charges he tried to smuggle US weapons to Tamil Tiger rebels. He was the last of six defendants in the plot to be convicted of trying to obtain military weapons in the 2006 scheme.
2007 May 10, Nobel Peace Prize winner Jose Ramos-Horta pledged to unite troubled East Timor after the former resistance leader was elected president of one of the world’s poorest nations.
2008 May 10, Juan Antonio Roman Garcia, the No. 2 police officer in a Mexican border city across from Texas, was shot dead, the latest high-ranking official killed in an onslaught of attacks blamed on gangs resisting a crackdown. Gunman sprayed Garcia’s car with bullets outside his home in Ciudad Juarez.
2010 May 10, President Barack Obama nominated Solicitor General Elena Kagan (50) to the Supreme Court, pushing the former law school dean toward the pinnacle of her profession and positioning the United States to have three women justices for the first time in its history.
2011 May 10, In Slovakia Jaroslava Oravcova (43) was wounded after a gunbattle with officers during an undercover police operation to apprehend him. Police believe the man used the Internet to search for a person who wanted to commit suicide and would agree to let him eat the body. Oravcova died from his wounds on May 12.
2012 May 10, Peruvian President Ollanta Humala wrapped up a three-day visit to Japan, having secured up to $250 million worth of loans for infrastructure projects.
2014 May 10, In the Congo Republic Udjani Mangbama, DR Congo militia boss, was among 11 people killed in an area near Owando, 500 km north of Brazzaville.