752CE    Mar 23, Pope Stephen II was elected to succeed Pope Zacharias; however, Stephen died 4 days later.

1369        Mar 23, Pedro the Cruel, King and tyrant of Castile and Leon, was murdered. Enrique, the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI of Castile, killed his half brother Pedro I in the Castilian civil war and became King Enrique I “the Bastard” of Castile.

1794        Mar 23, Lieutenant-General Tadeusz Kosciusko returned to Poland. 

1889        Mar 23, President Harrison opened Oklahoma for white colonization.
1964        Mar 23, Peter Lorre (59), actor (Casino Royale), died.
1970        Mar 23, Mafia “Boss” Carlo Gambino was arrested for plotting to steal $3 million. 

1983        Mar 23, Dr. Barney Clark (62), recipient of a permanent artificial heart, died at the University of Utah Medical Center after 112 days with the device. 

1987        Mar 23, Jerry Collins, a millionaire greyhound racetrack owner, donated $1.3 million to help evangelist Oral Roberts reach his goal of raising $8 million for medical scholarships. 

1988        Mar 23, President Reagan announced he would visit the Soviet Union for the first time, from May 29 until June 2, for his fourth summit meeting with Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev. 

1991        Mar 23, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein shuffled his Cabinet, but kept in place his hard-line ministers of interior and defense to direct a crackdown on rebellion against his rule. A popular uprising had been prompted by Pres. Bush and 15 of 18 provinces were liberated, but no American help followed and Hussein’s forces crushed the intifada.

1998        Mar 23, Pres. Clinton visited Ghana, the first nation where Peace Corps volunteers were sent. He hailed “the new face of Africa” as he opened a historic six-nation.

1998        Mar 23, Pres. Yeltsin fired his entire cabinet. Some cabinet members were ordered to stay until replacements were named. He named Sergei Kiriyenko (35), an energy minister, as acting premier.

2000        Mar 23, Horst Koehler (57) of Germany, president of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, became the new president of the 182-nation IMF following endorsement by the 24-member board of directors.

2000        Mar 23, Pope John Paul the Second paid his respects at Yad Vashem, Israel’s Holocaust memorial.

2001        Mar 23, David McTaggart (68), founder of Greenpeace Int’l., was killed in a car crash in Umbria, Italy.

2002        Mar 23, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Toledo in Lima, Peru, and called for a “war without quarter” against terrorism and drug trafficking in the region. 18 demonstrators were arrested.

2004        Mar 23, Joseph Iadone (b.1914), master lute player, died in Connecticut. His few CDs were all on the Lyrichord label

2005        Mar 23, Truck driver Tyrone Williams was convicted in a federal court in Houston for his role in the 2003 deaths of 19 illegal immigrants he was smuggling across Texas.

2005        Mar 23, Chinese President Hu Jintao stepped up pressure on North Korea to return to nuclear talks, telling its visiting premier that dialogue is the only way to settle the dispute.

2006        Mar 23, Desmond T. Doss Sr. (87), a conscientious objector whose achievements as a noncombatant earned him a Medal of Honor in World War II, died in Piedmont, Ala.

2006        Mar 23, Mike Horn (39) of South Africa and Borge Ousland (43) of Norway completed a 620-mile trek without outside supplies or help from dog sleds to the North Pole after 64 days of walking, skiing, climbing, swimming across ice openings.

2006        Mar 23, Stephane Lambiel of Switzerland won his second straight World Figure Skating Championships title, in Calgary, Alberta.

2006        Mar 23, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf ordered all foreign militants to leave Pakistan or be killed. Pakistan protested the killing by Afghan soldiers of 14 people Pakistan claims were its citizens, the latest source of tension between the neighboring countries amid increasing violence along their rugged border.

2006        Mar 23, Pope Benedict XVI convened the College of Cardinals for the first time since his election last year, inviting its members to share their concerns about the challenges facing the Catholic Church before adding 15 new members to their ranks.

2009        Mar 23, Honduran President Manuel Zelaya announced his government will hold a nationwide poll by June 24 on whether the country should convoke an assembly that would write a new constitution.

2009        Mar 23, Sudan’s president traveled to Eritrea, choosing one of Africa’s most politically isolated nations for his first trip abroad since an international court sought his arrest on charges of war crimes in Darfur. Adam Khater (39), the Fellowship for African Relief’s Darfur director, was shot to death at his home in the town of Kongo Haraza, near Sudan’s border with Chad.

2010        Mar 23, Kyrgyzstan’s Pres. Kurmanbek Bakiyev said that Western-style democracy has run its course in the ex-Soviet Central Asian country, prompting fears of a further decline in political freedoms.

2011        Mar 23, President Barack Obama left El Salvador earlier than scheduled, cutting short a Central American tour dominated by the US-led military action in Libya.

2011        Mar 23, Professor John Milnor of Stony Brook University in New York won the 6 million kroner ($1 million) Abel Prize for mathematics.

2012        Mar 23, Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Mexico as part of a pilgrimage that will also take him to Cuba. He denounced the drug-fueled violence wracking Mexico and urged Cubans to use dialogue to find new models to replace Marxism. The faithful lined more than 20 miles (32 km) of the pope’s route from the airport into Leon shouting the ultimate welcome: “Benedict, brother, you are now Mexican!”