1587 Apr 19, Sir Frances Drake sailed into Cadiz, Spain, and sank the Spanish fleet.
1909 Apr 19, In Persia Howard Baskerville (b.1885), an American Presbyterian preacher, was shot dead while trying to break the siege of Tabriz as a defender of the new Iranian constitution.
1957 Apr 19, Charles Funk (76), Encyclopedist (Funk & Wagnall’s), died.
1961 Apr 19, Howard Anderson was executed in Cuba after being convicted of arms smuggling to anti-Communist rebels.
1966 Apr 19, Lt. Lee Aaron Adams of Willits, Ca., was killed when his F-105D Thunderchief fighter plane was shot down in North Vietnam. His remains were returned home in 2005. During 1966 the US Air Force lost 126 Thunderchiefs.
1977 Apr 19, Alex Haley received a special Pulitzer Prize for his book “Roots.”
1996 Apr 19, President Clinton, visiting Russia, paid tribute to the hundreds of thousands of Russians who died in the Nazi siege of Leningrad — and to the victims of the Oklahoma bombing as well.
1998 Apr 19, In Austria Thomas Klestil was re-elected president with 63% of the vote.
1998 Apr 19, In Japan Pres. Yeltsin held a summit with Prime Minister Ryutaro Hasimoto at the Kawana resort. Yeltsin promised to hand over KGB documents of interrogations of captured Japanese generals from WW II.
2000 Apr 19, President Clinton knelt among 168 empty chairs memorializing each victim of the Oklahoma City bombing and declared the site “sacred ground” in the soul of America during a fifth-anniversary dedication ceremony.
2000 Apr 19, In Tennessee Robert Glen Coe, convicted for the 1979 murder and rape of Cary Ann Medlin (8), was executed by injection. This was the state’s first execution in 40 years.
2003 Apr 19, US forces captured Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Ghafar (4 of hearts), Saddam’s scientific research minister.
2003 Apr 19, Nazeh Darwazeh (45), a cameraman with Associated Press TV News, was killed while covering skirmishes between Israeli soldiers and Palestinians who were throwing rocks and firebombs. He died of a bullet wound to the head and Palestinian witnesses said he was shot by an Israeli soldier.
2003 Apr 19, In Nigeria elections Pres. Olusegun Obasanjo, a former military ruler turned civilian statesman, sought a second term against some 20 other candidates. Obasanjo won 62% of 42 million votes. Opponents denounced the elections as fraudulent and claimed serious rigging in 16 of 36 states.
2004 Apr 19, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il reportedly held talks with Chinese President Hu Jintao about the North’s nuclear arms program and requests for economic aid.
2005 Apr 19, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (78) of Germany became Pope Benedict XVI. As the 265th pope he promised to enforce strictly conservative policies for the world’s Roman Catholics. In Germany Ratzinger’s latest book, “Werte in Zeiten des Umbruchs” (Values in Times of Upheaval), was already sold out after its release a week ago. Ratzinger viewed secularism and moral relativism as the chief adversaries of God and the church. After Ratzinger was elected pope, the Holy See’s No. 2 official, Cardinal Angelo Sodano, signed a decree assigning “in perpetuity and worldwide” the copyrights of all Benedict’s works, including the hundreds he wrote before becoming pope, to the Vatican’s publishing house, Libreria Editrice Vaticana (LEV).
2006 Apr 19, In Kyrgyzstan Pres. Bakiyev threatened to expel American troops from the Central Asian nation unless the US agrees to pay more for its military presence.
2007 Apr 19, One-time CEO Joe Nacchio was found guilty of illegally selling $52 million in stock amid an accounting scandal that nearly sank Qwest Communications. The jury acquitted Nacchio of all 23 insider trading counts involving sales before April 2001 but convicted him on 19 counts tied to sales of 1.33 million shares for $52 million in gross proceeds from April 26 to May 29, 2001.
2007 Apr 19, President Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi took over from a military junta as Mauritania’s civilian head of state.
2008 Apr 19, In NYC Pope Benedict XVI preached in St. Patrick’s cathedral, assuring priests and nuns that he was close to them as they battled the damage left by the clergy sex scandal.
2008 Apr 19, Alfonso Lopez Trujillo (b.1935), Vatican enforcer and former archbishop of Medellin, died. In 1995, as head of the Pontifical council for the Family, he published a “Lexicon of Ambiguous and Debatable Terms.”
2009 Apr 19, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika vowed to pursue national reconciliation, after being sworn in for a third five-year term.
2009 Apr 19, In Jamaica Stephen Fray (20) forced his way through Montego Bay airport security and hijacked a Canadian jet, holding six crew members hostage. He fired his father’s licensed .38-caliber revolver into the air, stole money from some of the 167 passengers aboard and demanded to be flown off the island. After 6 hours police and soldiers stormed the aircraft and captured Fray. On October 8 Fray was sentenced to 20 years in prison
2010 Apr 19, In Oregon Jorge Ortiz-Oliva (40), the kingpin of one of the biggest drug organizations in Oregon history, was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
2011 Apr 19, In Burkina Faso Gen. Nabere Honore Traore, the recently appointed army chief, said that the new government will work to resolve the issues behind the military unrest that has plagued the country since last week.
2013 Apr 19, David Rubenstein, co-CEO of the Carlyle Group, announced his donation of $10 million to help visitors see the full plantation of Thomas Jefferson’s home at Monticello, Va.