1296        Apr 27, England’s King Edward I defeated the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar. He deposed King John and exiled him to France.

1861        Apr 27, President Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus.

1953        Apr 27, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10450: Security Requirements for Government Employment. The order listed “sexual perversion” as a condition for firing a federal employee and for denying employment to potential applicants. Homosexuality, moral perversion, and communism were categorized as national security threats; the issue of homosexual federal workers had become a dire federal personnel policy concern.

1960        Apr 27, France’s Gen. Charles de Gaulle flew into San Francisco and was welcomed by a 21-gun salute and some 250,000 people along his downtown motorcade.

1976        Apr 27, Jimmy Carter clinched the Democratic presidential nomination by beating Henry “Scoop” Jackson and Morris Udall in the Pennsylvania primary.

1994        Apr 27, Former President Richard M. Nixon was remembered at an outdoor funeral service attended by all five of his successors at the Nixon presidential library in Yorba Linda, Calif.

1995        Apr 27, Willem Frederik Hermans (b.1921), Dutch author, died. His 1966 novel “Beyond Sleep” was considered to be one of the founding works of modern Dutch literature. In 2007 an English translation became available.

1997        Apr 27, President Clinton, along with former presidents George Bush and Jimmy Carter, helped polish gritty city streets in Philadelphia as they launched the Summit for America’s Future, a three-day gathering on community service.

1998        Apr 27, Carlos Castaneda (72), author, died. His 1968 thesis: “The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge,” published by the Univ. of Calif. Press (1968), became an int’l. best seller. In 1997 his ex-wife Margaret Runyan Castaneda authored “A Magical Journey With Carlos Castaneda.” In 2000 Richard DeMille authored “Castaneda’s Journey: The Power and the Allegory.” In 2003 Amy Wallace, Castaneda’s lover in the 1970s, authored “The Sorcerer’s Apprentice: My Life With Carlos Castaneda.”

1999        Apr 27, In Indonesia Pres. Habibie announced plans for a ballot on independence on Aug 8. Anti-independence militiamen rejected the plans.

2002        Apr 27, Derek Lowe (news ) of the Boston Red Sox pitched a no-hitter against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, 10-0.

2003        Apr 27, Peter Stone (73), screen and stage writer died in New York.

2004        Apr 27, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi arrived in Brussels, his first trip to Europe in 15 years. Gadhafi sought “full normalization” of relations and entry to the aid and trade program the EU runs with countries around the Mediterranean, including Israel.

2006        Apr 27, In Nigeria President Hu Jintao said China wants a “strategic partnership” with Africa, seeking to add a new political dimension to a blossoming economic romance. China agreed to commit $4 billion for infrastructure in exchange for 4 oil drilling licenses.

2007        Apr 27, President Bush and visiting Japanese PM Shinzo Abe threatened stronger punitive actions against North Korea if it reneged on a promise to padlock its sole nuclear reactor

2007        Apr 27, Mstislav Rostropovich (b.1927), master cellist, died. He had fought for the rights of Soviet-era dissidents and later triumphantly played Bach suites below the crumbling Berlin Wall.

2008        Apr 27, Iraq’s PM al-Maliki met with the Sunni Arab vice president to discuss reintegrating Sunni political parties into the Shiite-dominated government. Police said five people died in violence in Baghdad. Elsewhere in Baghdad, a suicide car bomber blew himself up at a security checkpoint in the eastern neighborhood of Zayouna killing three people and injuring nine. Shiite extremists lobbed rockets or mortar shells at the US protected Green Zone as American and Iraqi troops engaged militants in the most violent clashes in weeks in Baghdad. Abrams tanks were used to repel attacks on two army checkpoints, killing 22 militants in one clash. 16 other militants were killed in separate firefights. A US military statement said an unmanned drone had killed a total of five militants using Hellfire missiles in three separate engagements.

2009        Apr 27, Afghan President Hamid Karzai vowed to change a law critics say legalizes marital rape to remove concerns that it violates human rights. Karzai also announced that he intended to run for re-election in the country’s second ever presidential vote on August 20. In Kabul province 12 “terrorists” and a police official were killed during a clash. In the east, a roadside bomb killed four police

2011        Apr 27, President Barack Obama produced a detailed Hawaii birth certificate in an extraordinary attempt to bury the issue of where he was born and confirm his legitimacy to hold office.

2011        Apr 27, Tibetan exiles elected Lobsang Sangay (43), international law expert and Harvard academic, as their new prime minister. He will face the daunting task of assuming the political duties of a global icon, the Dalai Lama.