YEAR

DAY

EVENT

1509

Apr 27

Pope Julius II excommunicated the republic of Venice. The pope lifted the ban in February 1510.

1646

Apr 27

King Charles I fled Oxford.

1650

Apr 27

Scottish general Montrose was defeated.

1662

Apr 27

Netherlands and France signed a treaty of alliance in Paris.

1677

Apr 27

Colonel Jeffreys became the governor of Virginia.

1702

Apr 27

Jean Bart (51), French captain, sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), died

1848

Apr 27

Slave trade was abolished in the French colonies.

1857

Apr 27

Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited.

1867

Apr 27

Charles Gounod’s Opera “Romeo et Juliette” was produced in Paris.

1870

Apr 27

Heinrich Schliemann discovered Troy.

1877

Apr 27

Jules Massenet’s Opera “Le Roi de Lahore” was produced in Paris.

1920

Apr 27

Pogrom leader Petljoera (Petlyura) declared Ukraine Independence.

1922

Apr 27

Fritz Lang’s “Dr Mabuse, der Spieler” premiered in Berlin.

1931

Apr 27

Hawaii recorded a record 100 degrees in Pahala.

1932

Apr 27

American poet Hart Crane (b.1899) drowned after jumping from a steamer while en route to New York. In 1967 R.W.B. Lewis (d. 2002) authored  “The Poetry of Hart Crane.”

1941

Apr 27

Judith Blegen, opera singer (Papagena-Magic Flute), was born in Missoula, Mont.

1945

Apr 27

August Wilson, US playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987), was born.

1946

Apr 27

1st radar installation aboard a commercial ship was installed.

1955

Apr 27

The US government suspended the use of all Salk vaccine manufactured by Cutter Laboratories in Berkeley, Ca., pending the investigation of 7-14 cases among children inoculated with the company’s vaccine.

1956

Apr 27

Light heavyweight boxer Rocky Marciano announced his retirement. Marciano, with 43 knockouts to his credit, retired having won every fight in his professional career.

1961

Apr 27

United Kingdom granted Sierra Leone independence.

1968

Apr 27

In the Netherlands part of a group of Catholic radicals left their own party and formed the Political Party of Radicals (PPR). The party dissolved in 1991.

1975

Apr 27

Saigon was encircled by North Vietnamese troops. NVA fire rockets into downtown civilian areas as the city erupts into chaos and widespread looting.

1982

Apr 27

The trial of John W. Hinckley Jr., who had shot four people, including President Reagan, began in Washington. The trial ended with Hinckley’s acquittal by reason of insanity.

1986

Apr 27

A video pirate calling himself “Captain Midnight” interrupted a movie on Home Box Office with a printed message protesting de-scrambling fees. Captain Midnight turned out to be John R. MacDougall of Florida, who was fined and placed on probation.

1990

Apr 27

The aperture door of the Hubble Space Telescope was opened by ground controllers as the space shuttle Discovery, which had carried the Hubble into orbit, prepared to return home.

1991

Apr 27

A group of 250 Kurds became the first refugees to move into a new US-built camp in northern Iraq.

1993

Apr 27

After a hiatus of more than four months, Israeli and Arab delegates resumed Middle East peace talks in Washington, D.C.

1995

Apr 27

Former Orange County, Calif., Treasurer Robert Citron pleaded guilty to six counts of defrauding investors in the county investment pool.

1996

Apr 27

William Egan Colby (76), CIA Director, disappeared while canoeing near his waterfront home in southern Maryland. His body was found 8 days later. In 2003 John Prados authored “Lost Crusador,” a biography of Colby.

1997

Apr 27

President Clinton, along with former presidents George Bush and Jimmy Carter, helped polish gritty city streets in Philadelphia as they launched the Summit for America’s Future, a three-day gathering on community service.

1998

Apr 27

In Japan a court ruled that the government must compensate 3 South Korean women forced into sexual slavery during WW II, and awarded the women $2,300 each.

1999

Apr 27

A week after the Columbine High School massacre, President Clinton called for new gun control measures, saying, “People’s lives are at stake here.”

2000

Apr 27

New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani disclosed that he had prostate cancer. He later bowed out of the US Senate race against Hillary Rodham Clinton.

2001

Apr 27

The US GDP was reported at 2% growth due to buying by American consumers. The DJIA rose 117 to 10,810. The Nasdaq rose 40 to 2,075.

2002

Apr 27

Derek Lowe (news ) of the Boston Red Sox pitched a no-hitter against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, 10-0.

2003

Apr 27

Kevin Millwood pitched his first career no-hitter to lead the Philadelphia Phillies over the San Francisco Giants 1-0.

2004

Apr 27

The Chinese government said it had shut down a U.S. visa information center in Shanghai because of complaints of overcharging.

2005

Apr 27

Touting technology as a way to solve the country’s energy problems, President Bush called for construction of more nuclear power plants and urged Congress to give tax breaks for fuel-efficient hybrid and clean-diesel cars.

2006

Apr 27

The Bush administration announced that it had reached a tentative agreement with Canada to settle the long-running trade battle over softwood lumber.

2006

Apr 27

Israeli aircraft fired missiles at two cars in Gaza packed with rockets, killing one Islamic Jihad militant and critically wounding another.

2007

Apr 27

President Bush and visiting Japanese PM Shinzo Abe threatened stronger punitive actions against North Korea if it reneged on a promise to padlock its sole nuclear reactor.

2007

Apr 27

An apparent US missile strike killed 4 people in Saidgi, a village in the North Waziristan of Pakistan near the Afghan border.

2008

Apr 27

A North Korean defector tried to set himself on fire to halt the Olympic torch relay through Seoul, while thousands of police guarded the flame from protesters blasting China’s treatment of North Korean refugees. A North Korean soldier defected to South Korea for the first time in a decade across the heavily fortified border dividing the countries.

2009

Apr 27

America, Canada, Europe and Japan promised to cooperate on validating alternatives to using animals in medical research. An estimated 50-100 million animals were used in research annually around the world.

2010

Apr 27

It was reported that Fritz Maytag, owner of the SF-based Anchor Brewing Co., has sold the company to the Griffon Group, run by Keith Greggor and Tony Foglio.

2011

Apr 27

President Barack Obama produced a detailed Hawaii birth certificate in an extraordinary attempt to bury the issue of where he was born and confirm his legitimacy to hold office.

2012

Apr 27

In Albany, Indiana, the remains of Stephanie Marie Kirk (35), last seen on March 25, were found at the home of William Gibson. He was being held in connection with the death last week of Christine Whitis (75) and the death of Karen Hodella (44), whose body was found in 2003.

2013

Apr 27

The US military said that 100 of 166 prisoners at Guantanamo Bay have joined the hunger strike. 19 were receiving liquid nutrients through a nasal tube to prevent dangerous weight loss. Lawyers put the number of hunger strikers at 130.

Source: Timelines of History