Industrial revolution has been the phase that defines every dispensation bridging the gap between science fiction and everyday reality.
Every new dispensation is an advancement of the previous one, because there is continuous increase in knowledge. Innovative solutions are being introduced; therefore, making possible things that are seemingly impossible.
The first industrial revolution began in the later half of the 18th century. This industrial revolution saw humans advance from using hand as a crude way of production to developing machines that can do same and more. It led to the development of machine tools and the evolving of the factory systems. The crude method made humans predict that it was impossible for an object to fly in the air. To them, it was a seemingly impossible situation.
But, we were proven wrong in the second industrial revolution, also known as the technology revolution. This revolution saw rapid industrialisation, advancement in manufacturing and production technology and adoption of existing technologies that lead to the expansion of railroads and the use of telegraph technologies.
The science fiction of the first industrial revolution became reality when the Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur Wright flew the first powered, controlled, heavier-than-air airplane on December 17, 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
Due to this discovery, air travel has become a major reference point for modern day transportation. This revolution continued into the 20th century with early factory electrification and the production line, and ended at about 1914.
The Digital age, also known as the third industrial revolution saw the transfer of analog, mechanical and electronic technology to digital technology. This revolution adopted the use of computers for what seemed to be impossible in the first and second industrial revolutions. The digital machines discovered in this revolution can do things better and faster than human beings can.
This revolution led to the discoveries of devices like voice recognition systems and other intelligent devices that have computing capabilities. These intelligent devices have been used in cars, medical instruments, geographical instruments and home appliance.
Also the third industrial revolution has advanced in developing responsive robotics that can carry out human activities responding to the programs it was designed to do. Further advancement in robotics and intelligent devices will lead to the fourth industrial revolution.
The fourth industrial revolution will be known as the intelligent age. This revolution will depend more on the use of nano intelligent devices, that will respond at the speed of light.
In this revolution, speed will be redefined relative to the first, second and third revolutions. The intelligent devices will be implanted in the human body. And humanity would gain a near immortality by becoming one with robotic technology.
Scientists are presently studying the constitution of the human mind. They have come out with facts that proves that the human consciousness can be saved through programing after careful study of the action(s) of an individual over time. This will aid them to know how individuals react in certain situations.
So, in the intelligent age, humans would be able to replace their nonexistence by downloading their consciousness into these intelligent devices. Almost everything will be possible, voice recognition devices will take a more advanced form, and they will be used to speed up surgeries in medicine, create more technologies, add new dimensions to music and other areas of human endeavours. Just as there are diagnostics for machines in the third industrial revolution, the same will be for humans in the fourth industrial revolution.
For instance, can you imagine a situation where at a strike of headache, the diagnostic device identifies for you what is wrong; prescribes, analyses and does a prognosis of the ailment. This will aid medical prognosis of a patient in the fourth industrial revolution.
The intelligent age or the fourth industrial revolution would have a negative effect on employment because industrial automation, without human assistance will be at its peak. There will be more hardship as major economies of the world will decide between depending on these intelligent devices or functioning without them.
Security will be refined, as humans will have their identification chips implanted in them. With these chips, everyone will be traceable as the identification of everyone will be linked to one database.
In agriculture, there will be an increase in crop yield as genetic engineering would come out with new discoveries that can alter plant growth and yield within the nearest possible time instead of waiting for months as it is in the first, second and the third industrial revolutions.
For countries who would choose to do without them, it means that they have defined the peak of their invention and it will hinder further development. For countries that will embrace the use of these intelligent devices, it will lead to their rapid development, making true the saying of Albert Einstein, ‘It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.’