On the 28th of February, these special events etched these men into the history books.
1900 After a 119-day siege by the Boers, the English defenders of Ladysmith, under General Sir George White were relieved.
1906 Bugsy Siegel, gangster who created casinos in Las Vegas, was born.
1916 Henry James (b.1843), US-British writer (Bostonians), died in London. His books included “The American“ (1877) and “The Golden Bowl” (1904). In 2004 Colm Toibin authored “The Master,” a novel that explores James’ private life. In 2007 Peter Brooks authored “Henry James Goes to Paris.”
1933 German Pres. Von Hindenburg abolished the free expression of opinion.
1933 Hitler disallowed the German communist party (KPD).
1935 Nylon was discovered by Dr. Wallace H. Carothers.
1936 Samuel Maverick Jr. (99), San Antonio banker, died. During the Civil War he served in Terry’s Texas Rangers, a Confederate regiment, He was the last surviving member of that organization. His father was the Texas pioneer Samuel A. Maverick
1940 In Egypt King Farouk arrived at Tanis for the opening of the sarcophagus of the 21st Dynasty King Psusennes I, recently discovered by French archeologist Pierre Montet.
1972 President Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai signed the Shanghai Communique at the Jin Jiang Hotel Assembly Hall on the last night of Nixon’s visit.
1977 Eddie “Rochester” Anderson (b.1905), African-American comedian, died.
1978 Robert Rowe (d.1997) of Brooklyn killed his wife and 3 children with a baseball bat. He was tried and later released from a mental institution and became a father again. In 2001 Julie Salamon authored “Facing the Wind,” a narrative of the Rowe case.
1986 In the Philippines Pres. Corazon Aquino signed executive order No. 1 creating the Presidential Commission on
Good Governance. It was created to trace and recover assets stolen under
the Marcos regime, estimated at up to $10 billion. By 2007 only a
quarter of that number was retrieved.
1986 Olof Palme, Swedish Prime Minister (1969-76, 82-86), was shot to death in central Stockholm. In 1996 South African former police officer Eugene de Kock said that Craig Williamson, a South African spy, was involved in the murder. In 1997 lawyer Pelle Svensson said that his client, Lars Tingstrom, wrote a statement on his deathbed in prison in 1993 that he had committed the killing. The family was convinced that Christer Pettersson, a drug addict and alcoholic, was the killer. In 1999 Abdullah Ocalan in Turkey suggested that a rival PKK organization killed Olof Palme.
1996 Alanis Morissette’s “Jagged Little Pill” won best rock album and album of the year at the Grammy Awards; Seal’s “Kiss from a Rose” won for record and song of the year.
1997 Pres. Clinton and Monica Lewinsky had another sexual encounter [after nearly 11 months] following the taping of his weekly radio address.
1999 In Nigeria retired Gen’l. Obasanjo led the presidential vote with 62%. Serious concern over vote-rigging was expressed.
2002 In Madagascar Pres. Didier Ratsiraka declared martial law following 2 months of strikes and mass protests.
2003 Czech lawmakers elected opposition candidate Vaclav Klaus as president, succeeding former president and long time rival Vaclav Havel.
2005 Michael Jackson faced opening statements in Santa Maria, Ca., in his trial on child molestation charges.
2005 African Union (AU) chairman, Nigeria’s President Olusegun Obasanjo, met Sudan’s first vice president Ali Taha over the bloody crisis in Darfur region.
2006 Sergei Abramov, the Kremlin-backed PM of war-battered Chechnya, said he was stepping down to give way to Ramzan Kadyrov (29), the widely feared head of a shadowy security service.
2008 French President Nicolas Sarkozy, following talks with South African President Thabo Mbeki in South Africa, announced a “renegotiation” of all French military accords with African nations, arguing that France no longer had a “policing” role to play on the continent. French power giant Alstom announced a 1.36 billion euro (two-billion-dollar) contract for the construction of a coal-fuelled power plant in South Africa which is suffering from a severe electricity shortage.
2011 Mexican officials said police have captured Victor Torres Garcia, the alleged leader of a drug gang that calls itself “The Resistance,” a group that operates in western Mexico. The army reported it had detained a female Michoacan state police officer who was traveling in a convoy of vehicles with eight assault rifles, ammunition and a bag of marijuana seeds. The bodies of five men were reported found dangling from bridges over a highway in the coastal city of Mazatlan. Gunmen killed four Guerrero state police officers as they drove near the state capital of Chilpancingo. In Ciudad Juarez assailants opened fire on a car, killing two men, a woman and a 10-year-old boy.
2012 In Texas Dr. Jacques Roy of Rockwell and 6 associates were arrested and charged with recruiting homeless people, among other, as part of a $375 million home health care fraud scheme.
2013Donald A. Glaser (b.1926), UC Berkeley
physicist and inventor of the bubble chamber, died in Berkeley. In 1960
he won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
2014 In Malaysia Abdul Taib Mahmud, the chief minister of Sarawak, retired after ruling the state for 33 years. Environmentalists said Sarawak under his rule has lost 90% of its virgin rainforest, mostly due to conversions to lucrative palm oil concessions.