48BC Aug 9 Julius Caesar defeated Gnaius Pompey at Pharsalus.
1048 Aug 9 Pope Damasus II, born as Poppo, died. He was the second of the German pontiffs nominated by Emperor Henry III.
1902 Aug 9 Edward VII was crowned king of England following the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1910 Aug 9 Alva Fisher patented the first complete, self-contained electric washing machine.
1941 Aug 9 US President Franklin Roosevelt and PM Winston Churchill met at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. Their meeting produced the August 14 Atlantic Charter, an agreement between the two countries on war aims, even though the US was still a neutral country.
1967 Aug 9 Joe Orton (34), English actor, playwright (What the Butler Saw, Loot), was murdered (bludgeoned with a hammer) while he slept by his male lover. In 1978 John Lahr authored “Prick Up Your Ears,” a biography of Orton.
1974 Aug 9 President Nixon’s resignation took effect. Gerald R. Ford was sworn in as the 38th US President (1974-1976). Ford said “Our long national nightmare is over” after he assumed the presidency following Richard Nixon‘s resignation. After being sworn in, Ford spoke in the White House‘s East Room and said, “My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.” It was a line that Ford initially objected to saying, feeling it was a little hard on Nixon. In 2007 Robert Dallek authored “Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power.”
1976 Aug 9 John Roselli (b.1905), Chicago mobster hired by the CIA to kill Castro, was found murdered. His decomposing body was found in a 55-gallon steel fuel drum floating in Dumfounding Bay near Miami, Florida. Roselli had been strangled and stabbed and his legs were sawed off.
1988 Aug 9 President Reagan nominated Lauro Cavazos to be secretary of education; Cavazos became the first Hispanic to serve in the Cabinet.
1993 Aug 9 Mohamed M. Tabet (54), commissar of Casablanca, was executed by firing squad. He had committed violent acts against some 16000 women.
1999 Aug 9 Pres. Clinton presented former Pres. Jimmy Carter and Rosalynn Carter the Medal of Freedom, the highest US civilian award. Other recipients included Lloyd Bentson, former US Treasury secretary; Gerald Ford, former US president; Edgar M. Bronfman, Pres. of the World Jewish Congress; Evy Dubrow, International Ladies Garment Workers Union representative; Sister M. Isolina Ferre, founder and chief executive officer of four community service centers in Puerto Rico; Oliver White Hill, civil rights lawyer; Max Kampelman lawyer, negotiator and diplomat; and Edgar Wayburn, five time president and a member of the board of directors of the Sierra Club.
1999 Aug 9 Russian President Boris Yeltsin dismissed Prime Minister Sergei Stepashin and the entire Cabinet, marking the fourth time in 17 months he had fired the government. Yeltsin named Vladimir Putin, a former KGB agent, the new prime minister.
2001 Aug 9 Pres. Bush announced that he would allow taxpayer dollars to be used for stem cell research limited to some 5 dozen existing stem cell lines.
2002 Aug 9 The Bush administration said the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act does not extend beyond the few miles of territorial waters.
2002 Aug 9 President Kim Dae-jung named the head of South Korea’s largest business newspaper as prime minister, the day after the opposition took control of parliament in a by-election landslide.
2005 Aug 9 Francois Dalle (87), former chief executive of L’Oreal (1957-1984) and credited with transforming the French cosmetics company into a global giant, died in Geneva.
2006 Aug 9 Physicist James A. Van Allen (91), who discovered the radiation belts surrounding the Earth that now bear his name, died in Iowa City, Iowa.
2007 Aug 9 President Bush held a news conference in which he publicly prodded Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, his embattled war-on-terror partner, to hold free presidential elections, share intelligence and take “swift action” against terrorist leaders in his country.
2007 Aug 9 David Beckham made his long-awaited Major League Soccer debut, entering in the 72nd minute of the Los Angeles Galaxy’s 1-0 loss to D.C. United.
2009 Aug 9 In San Francisco Bruce Sherman (66), accordionist and singer of sea chanteys, committed suicide.
2011 Aug 9 Pres. Obama announced fuel efficiency standards for heavy trucks. The regulations called for cutting 9-23% of fuel consumption and greenhouse gases by 2018.
2013 Aug 9 Pres. Obama signed into law a measure restoring lower interest rates for student loans.
2014 Aug 9 Russian President Vladimir Putin began talks with the leaders of arch-foes Armenia and Azerbaijan after recent clashes that have left 22 soldiers dead and fueled fears that one of the bloodiest post-Soviet wars is restarting.
Source: Timelines of History