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1259       Aug 11  Mongke, Mongol great-khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, died.

1906       Aug 11  In France Eugene Lauste received the first patent for a talking film.

1939       Aug 11  Moses Annenberg, owner of the Philadelphia Enquirer, was indicted by a federal jury in Chicago for evading some $3.2 million in income taxes.

1949       Aug 11  President Truman nominated Gen. Omar N. Bradley to become the first chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

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1960       Aug 11  Chad became independent from France, but remained within the French community. Francois Tombalbaye became the 1st president.

1975       Aug 11  Anthony C. McAuliffe (b.1898), US general and commandant of 101st division, died. He is famous for his WWII single-word reply to a German surrender ultimatum: “Nuts!”

1993       Aug 11  President Clinton named Army Gen. John Shalikashvili to be the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, succeeding the retiring Gen. Colin Powell.

1995       Aug 11  President Clinton banned all US nuclear tests, calling his decision “the right step as we continue pulling back from the nuclear precipice.”

1995       Aug 11  Pres. Clinton vetoed a congressional move to end the arms embargo on Bosnia and sent Envoy Richard Holdbrooke on a new peace mission.

1996       Aug 11  In Russia Pres. Yeltsin appointed Alexander Lebed as his pres. envoy to Chechnya.

1998       Aug 11  Steve Fossett (54) became the first man to cross the south Atlantic in a balloon. He was on his 4th attempt to float around the world.

2000       Aug 11  Pat Buchanan won the Reform Party’s presidential nomination and named Ezola Foster (62), a black former teacher, as his running mate. Dissidents, disputed by party founder Ross Perot’s supporters, chose physicist John Hagelin at a rump convention.

2002       Aug 11  Israeli troops shot and killed Basil Naji (22), a Palestinian gunman, after he opened fire on Israeli road workers in the northern Gaza Strip, wounding one of them.

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2003       Aug 11  Pres. Bush named Mike Leavitt, Republican governor of Utah, to head the EPA.

2005       Aug 11  President Bush expressed sympathy for war protesters like Cindy Sheehan, the mother camped outside his Texas ranch demanding answers for her solider-son’s death, but said he believed it would be a mistake to bring U.S. troops home immediately.

2005       Aug 11  Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, a former army general, and the Timorese ex-guerrilla fighter Xanana Gusmao witnessed the signing of documents appointing the 10 members of the Commission for Truth and Friendship.

2005       Aug 11  Lebanese police arrested Omar Bakri, the Islamic cleric who is being investigated in Britain for his remarks on the London bombings.

2005       Aug 11  Southern leader Salva Kiir Mayardit was sworn in as Sudan’s 1st vice president.

2005       Aug 11  A judge in Suriname convicted the son of a former dictator of leading a ring that trafficked in cocaine, illegal arms and stolen luxury cars, sentencing him to 8 years in prison

2007       Aug 11  President George W. Bush welcomed France’s Pres. Sarkozy to the Bush family’s oceanfront home in Maine for a private meeting, boat ride and picnic fare.

2007       Aug 11  Republican Mitt Romney (b.1947) won the first test of the 2008 White House race, using a big wallet and broad organization to muscle aside a field of rivals in a low-turnout Iowa straw poll. Mike Huckabee (b.1955), former governor of Arkansas, came in second.

2007       Aug 11  In Somalia 2 prominent radio journalists were assassinated in Mogadishu within hours of each other, one just outside his office and the other as he returned from his colleague’s burial.

2008       Aug 11  President George W. Bush said he used talks with China’s leaders during the Beijing Olympics to press them to use their influence with Sudan to help end the humanitarian crisis in Darfur.

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2008       Aug 11  Jurors in Stockton, Ca., convicted William Choyce (54) for the murders of 3 prostitutes. He was serving time in state prison for rape when DNA evidence linked him to the murders dating back to 1988.

2008       Aug 11  George Furth (b.1932), writer and actor, died in Santa Monica. He wrote the book for “Company,” a 1971 Broadway musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. As an actor he appeared in over 85 films and TV show episodes.

2008       Aug 11  Brazil’s environment minister said he granted a license for the Santo Antonio hydroelectric dam but attached stringent conditions to protect Amazon Indian reservations and nature preserves. The dam is expected to cost 9.5 billion reals (US$5.9 billion) and go online in 2012. The dam is one of two planned for the Madeira river in the Amazon state of Rondonia.

2009       Aug 11  Former US President Bill Clinton appointed the physician and Harvard University professor Paul Farmer as the UN Deputy Special Envoy to Haiti to assist in advancing the economic and social development of the impoverished Caribbean nation.

2009       Aug 11  A Myanmar court convicted Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi of violating her house arrest by allowing John Yettaw, an uninvited American, to stay at her home. The head of the military-ruled country ordered the democracy leader to serve an 18-month sentence under house arrest. Yettaw was also convicted, and had just spent a week in a prison hospital for epileptic seizures.

2010       Aug 11  A US military tribunal sentenced Ibrahim al-Qosi (50), Osama bin Laden’s former cook, to 14 years in prison, but he is expected to serve far less under a plea deal that remains secret. Al-Qosi has been held at Guantanamo for more than eight years. In Feb, 2011, a US military legal official reduced the sentence, suspending all but two years. On July 11, 2012, al-Qosi was returned to Sudan.

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2010       Aug 11  Dan Rostenkowski (b.1928), former US Rep. from Illinois (1959-1995), died at his home in Wisconsin. In 1996 he pleaded guilty to mail fraud and served 15 months in prison.

2011       Aug 11  Texas Gov. Rick Perry confirmed that he is running for the US presidency as 8 other Republican candidates debated in Iowa.

2011       Aug 11  Israeli media said Dirar Abu Sisi, a Gazan engineer snatched from Ukraine, has told Israeli interrogators that he headed a Hamas military academy to rebuild Hamas fighting capabilities after a devastating war with Israel. Hamas has denied that Abu Sisi had any connection to the organization.

2012       Aug 11  In Bosnia Tarik Bijelic (6) was buried. He had been hit by a land mine as he scavenged in the forest for firewood to help his family make ends meet. Under an international treaty, Bosnia was supposed to be free of mines by 2009. It has quietly obtained another decade to clear an estimated 1,300 remaining square km (500 square miles) of mine fields.

2013       Aug 11  In New Hampshire software engineer Muni Savyon (54) shot and killed his son Joshua (9) and then killed himself with a handgun during a supervised visitation at a YWCA office in Manchester.

2013       Aug 11  Jeon Wook-Pyo (68), a South Korean man, escaped North Korea four decades after he was kidnapped by North Korea while fishing near the disputed Yellow Sea border. Jeon was among 25 fishermen aboard two boats that were seized by a North Korean navy ship on December 28, 1972.