1227 Aug 18, Genghis Khan (Chinggis), Mongol conqueror, died in his sleep at his camp, during his siege of Ningxia, the capital of the rebellious Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia. Subotai was one of Genghis Khan’s ablest lieutenants, and went on to distinguish himself after the khan’s death. In Khan’s lifetime he and his warriors had conquered the majority of the civilized world, ruling an empire that stretched from Poland down to Iran in the west, and from Russia’s Arctic shores down to Vietnam in the east. Russian archaeologist Peter Kozloff uncovered the tomb of Genghis Khan in the Gobi Desert in 1927. In 2006 Zhu Yaoting, a Beijing academic, authored a biography of Genghis Khan.
1945 Aug 18, Subhas Chandra Bose (b.1897), a leader of the Indian Independence Movement, died after his overloaded Japanese plane crashed in Japanese-occupied Formosa. He had led some 40,000 soldiers against the British during WWII as an ally of Hitler and imperial Japan.
1963 Aug 18, James Meredith became the first black to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
1987 Aug 18, American journalist Charles Glass escaped his kidnappers in Beirut after 62 days in captivity. Glass had been abducted June 17 with two Lebanese, who were released after a week.
1988 Aug 18, Indiana Sen. Dan Quayle was nominated to be George Bush’s running mate during the Republican convention in New Orleans; meanwhile, questions were being raised about Quayle’s service in the Indiana National Guard during the Vietnam War.
1989 Aug 18, In Colombia, leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galan was assassinated outside Bogota; the Medellin drug cartel was strongly suspected. On May 12, 2005, Alberto Santofimio Botero, former justice minister, was arrested in connection with the assassination. In 2008 a court overturned the conviction of Alberto Santofimio for lack of evidence. In 2010 Colombian prosecutors issued an arrest warrant for retired Gen. Miguel Maza Marquez (73), a former domestic security chief, who they say participated in the assassination of Galan. In 2011 the Supreme Court reinstated Galan’s murder conviction and reinstated the 24-year prison sentence a lower court imposed in 2007 on Alberto Santofimio.
1992 Aug 18, Basketball star Larry Bird announced his retirement after 13 years with the Boston Celtics.
1998 Aug 18, A day after his grand jury testimony, President Clinton left Washington on a vacation with his family. Meanwhile, some lawmakers called for Clinton to resign in the wake of his admissions concerning Monica Lewinsky while a spokeswoman for Hillary Rodham Clinton said the first lady “believes in this marriage.”
2005 Aug 18, Andronico Luksic (78), Chilean billionaire, died. His holding included beach resorts in Croatia, where his father was born.
2006 Aug 18, President George W. Bush criticized a federal court ruling the day before that his warrantless wiretapping program was unconstitutional, declaring that opponents “do not understand the nature of the world in which we live.”
2008 Aug 18, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf announced that he will resign, just days ahead of impeachment in parliament over attempts by the US-backed leader to impose authoritarian rule on his turbulent nation.
2009 Aug 18, Former South Korean Pres. Kim Dae-jung (85) died. He spent years as a dissident under a military dictatorship and later won the Nobel Peace Prize for seeking reconciliation with communist North Korea.
2011 Aug 18, Ivory Coast’s former strongman Laurent Gbagbo was charged with economic crimes including aggravated theft and embezzlement of public funds.
2011 Aug 18, Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Spain for a nearly 4-day visit to celebrate World Youth Day.