Aug 2, Henry III, King of France, was assassinated by a Jacobin monk, Jacques Clement. Last of the House of Valois, he named Henry (1553-1610), King of Navarre, to succeed him. During France’s religious war, a fanatical monk stabbed King Henry II to death.
Aug 2, Thomas Gainsborough (61), English painter, died. His work included the 1771 portraits of the Viscount and Viscountess Ligonier and “Blue Boy.”
Aug 2, George Washington created the Honorary Badge of Distinction.
Aug 2, Horace de Saussure, Swiss scientist, reached the top of Mont Blanc.
Aug 2, Samuel Briggs and his son patented a nail-making machine.
Aug 2, Sir James Douglas (b.1803), the first provincial governor of British Columbia (1858-1864), died. He was the son of a black woman from Barbados and a Scottish planter.
Aug 2, The 1st Lincoln head pennies were minted. It was 95% copper and was the first US coin to depict the likeness of a president.
Aug 2, Alexander Graham Bell (b.1847), Scottish-US physicist (telephone), died in Nova Scotia. He and Gardiner Hubbard, his father-in-law, were the founders of the National Geographic Society.
Aug 2, President Bush told a news conference only poor health would prevent his running for re-election.
Aug 2, Charles Taylor was sworn in as president of Liberia.
Aug 2, In Nigeria Fela Anikulapo-Kuti (b.1938), pop superstar, died of AIDS. He was a saxophone player who fused rock with African rhythms into a blend known as “Afrobeat.” His albums included: “Zombie,” “Army Arrangement,” and “Vagabond in Power.” He recorded more than 50 albums in the 1970s and 1980s and his 27 wives mourned his death. In 2003 Michael Veal authored “Fela: the Life and Times of an African Lion.”
Aug 2, Former President Ford was hospitalized after suffering one, possibly two, small strokes.
Aug 2, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor agreed to cede power on Aug. 11.
Aug 2, Former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (41) was released from prison in Jackson, Mi., on parole but still faced a federal corruption trial.
Aug 2, Kofi Annan, the UN-Arab League envoy to Syria, resigned citing divisions within the Security Council preventing a united approach to stop the fighting.
Aug 2, In Syria Yaacub al-Omar, the local chief of Al-Qaeda’s affiliate Al-Nusra Front, was killed overnight died in an apparent assassination after a bomb went off in his car in Idlib province. Syrian troops backed by Hezbollah fighters killed at least 50 jihadists from the Islamic State and Al-Nusra Front groups in overnight clashes near the border with Lebanon.
Source: Timelines of History